A day before the official government jobs report was available, Gallup released on Thursday a report showing the unemployment rate jumped for Latinos and dropped for African Americans in the month of November.
The Gallup report shows the unemployment rate for Latinos in November was 10.6 percent, up from 10.0 percent in October. For African Americans it was 12.4 percent, down from 14.3 percent in October.
Gallup reported that it expects the seasonally adjusted unemployment rate to be 8.3 percent, up from 7.9 in October.
The U.S. Department of Labor released on Friday the official jobs report for the month of November. It showed the Latino unemployment rate in November was relatively the same as in October with 10 percent. For African Americans it was 13.2 percent, down from 14.3 percent in October.
Latinos and African Americans face higher unemployment rates
The recession has not affected all Americans equally. In fact, Latinos and African Americans have seen the highest unemployment rates compared to other ethnic backgrounds.
While overall unemployment hovers around 8 percent, the reality was much different depending on your racial and ethnic background, according to the George Washington University’s Face the Facts USA initiative.
For African Americans, the unemployment rate averages 14.1 percent, nearly double the rate of whites at 7.2 percent. Latinos have the second highest unemployment rate at 10.2 percent.
And Asians fare best, with 5.9 percent unemployment. But Asians do not fare so well when it comes to long-term unemployment, those out of work for six months or longer.
Also, unemployed Asians and African Americans tend to stay unemployed for longer stretches of time.
Undocumented workers also face high unemployment rates
There is no recent data showing the unemployment rate for undocumented workers, but economists indicate it could be higher than the national average.
In 2010, the Pew Hispanic Center estimated that the unemployment rate for undocumented immigrants in the U.S. was 10.4 percent, higher than that of U.S.-born residents and legal immigrants. That year, the average unemployment rate in the U.S. was 9.6 percent.
Though it is not clear how many undocumented immigrants were unemployed this year, there is no question that state immigration laws have impacted undocumented workers.
In Arizona, for example, the E-Verify federal electronic system that checks whether workers are in the country legally and are eligible to work makes it difficult for undocumented immigrants to find jobs.
The program’s supporters argue it works to keep undocumented immigrants from taking jobs away from legal residents and U.S. citizens who are searching for work. Meanwhile, others argue it creates unnecessary burdens for employers and weakens a state’s economy.
Face the Facts: The color of unemployment